Recognition of the common regional language West Java
The regional language of West Java has features that are unique and very interesting to learn. Although you don’t know the language spoken by the people of West Java, you should be familiar with its unique accent, for example, listening to famous people from West Java or have Sudanese friends.
For us ordinary people, it must be very interesting to show the language or accent of West Java. Essentially, each region has different linguistic features, be it Central Java, Maluku, East Java, Sumatra and so on. Similarto the language from West Java that we will examine.
Just by listening to the accent, we can definitely find out if it’s a West Java language or not. But it is difficult for us to know the meaning of what is said if we do not know or understand the language of West Java. That’s why it sounds fun to learn West Java.
In this article, we discuss not only what language is usually used by the people of West Java, but also the variety of languages, the history and spread of languages, the language writing system for usuk undak West Javanese which is certainly very interesting to learn.
Regional languages are spoken
The Sudanese are the most common tribe found in West Java, so it is not strange that the most spoken regional language is the Sudanese language. However, there are other languages that are also spoken by the people of West Java, such as Cirebon for people in Cirebon Regency or City.
The Cyrebon language is almost the same as banyumasan, only using the typical brebes dialect that is very unique. These two regional languages in West Java , namely Sundanese and Cirebon are the most spoken languages in daily life, in Cirebon, Priangan and so on.
Compared to Cirebon, Sundanese is more widely spoken by people in West Java. One of the reasons is because Sudanese culture is so indigenous and spreads to different regions in West Java. This is incompatible with the history of the ancient Kingdom of Mataram that invaded West Java.
That is why in this review we willdiscuss more Sundanese because it is used more often by people in West Java. You will find various interesting facts about the Sudanese language and you will better understand what you need to know about the Western Javanese language.
Variations in Sudanese
In general, the Sudanese language has a variety of variants, ranging from the Javanese Sundanese-Central dialect to the Sundanese-Banten dialect with different characteristics. In addition to these two dialects, which would have thought that there are still some dialectvariations that we often encounter in the heart of Sudanese culture in daily life.
Many experts distinguish Sundanik in 6 different dialects, namely western dialect, northern dialect, southern dialect, southern dialect, northeastern dialect and southeastern dialect. Each dialect has a different style and the regions that use it are also different, depending on the linguistic mix.
For example, the regional language of West Java with western dialects commonly spoken by people in the Pandeglang and Lebak regions, in addition to the southern Tanglerang, Tanglerang city and tangerang prefecture. Unlike the southeastern dialect often spoken by banjar inhabitants, Cilacap, Pangandaran, Ciamis in the western part of Banyuma.
Before the existence of the Sudanese language as it exists today, there was an old Sudanese language that was often found in some written data, such as those found in leaf sheets excavated as well as in stones. To date, it is not known how the old Sudanese language changed to modern Sundanese.
The history and spread of the Sudanese language
In addition to recognizing the diversity of the Sudanese language, it is also interesting to discuss the history and spread of the Sudanese language in West Java. Sundanese is a language spoken by people on the western island of Java or only in Pasundan or Sundanese Tatar (formerly West Java).
In fact, this western Javanese language is also spoken in the western part of Central Java, such as the Cilacap and Brebes regions, because these two regions were once part of the Kingdom of Galuh. It is no surprise that many regional names in Cilacap sound like Sudanese, such as Dayeuhluhur district.
Historically, around the 6th century, the Sudanese language reached the area of its story in Dieng Plateau, Central Java. The name Dieng also comes from the Sudanese language, dihyangmeaning Old Sundanese. Only then did the transmigration and immigration of ethnic Sudanese in different regions outside Java.
Some of the destination areas of The Sudanese ethnicity, including West Kalimantan, South Sumatra, South-East Sulawesi, Riau, Lampung, to Yambi. In addition, there are in fact many other areas visited by ethnic Sudanese, but some of the areas already mentioned are the main areas.
The Sudanese writing system
In the Sudanese writing system, you will be acquainted with The Sudanese writing, the Sudanese alphabet, the Kakarakan, and the Sudanese alphabet pegon. In the past, the Sudanese language was written using Sudanese writing as a Brahmi script of a jumber derived from Pallawa writing through Kawi writing. From the inscription you can see evidence of this writing.
On 3 November 1705, the old Sudanese script and Cirebon Ricasara disappeared after voc issued its ultimatum. At that time, people were allowed to write only with the Pegon alphabet, Latin writing and Latin alphabet for Javanian and Sudanese, then the Latin alphabet intensified to transcribe The Sudanese works.
In addition, West Javanese or Sudanese writing is also associated with Kacaraka as javanese script with the writing of the Sudanese language at the time. This writing was already in use after the VOC ultimatum was issued.
The Sundanese Pegon alphabet is also the writing used to write the ancient Sudanese language. This Pegon alphabetical writing contains standard Arabic letters and new designs. Although some of them contain standard Arabic letters, Arabs will not be able to understand them unless they possess the Sudanese language.
In the 17th century, the West Java region was under the control of the Kingdom of Mataram, so the Javanese language also influenced the use of the Sudanese language in West Java. This is what creates the existence of a basic undak-usuk in the regional language of West Java. So what is implied by these basic bases?
The use of the Sudanese language must be adapted to the social level and this is what is called basa undak-usuk. As a result of the existence of alkaline problems, some terms have emerged that need to be understood, namely approximate, medium, very approximate lemming (Cohag or approximate bisan) and very small (sublime or pisan lemes).
Insidious language is usually used when talking to a newly identified person, parent, official or public figure. Meanwhile, abusive language is usually used when talking to peers or close friends so it sounds better known if you’re using somewhat harsh language.
The Sudanese language has its uniqueness that makes anyone interested in learning it. Especially with the unique dialect that makes the Sudanese language even more pleasant for the ear. For more details, you need to learn more about Western Javanese.